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Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
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https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-60
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-60
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

  07 Apr 2020

07 Apr 2020

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A revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal WES and is expected to appear here in due course.

North Sea region energy system towards 2050: integrated offshore grid and sector coupling drive offshore wind installations

Matti Koivisto1, Juan Gea-Bermúdez1,2, Polyneikis Kanellas1, Kauhshik Das1, and Poul Sørensen1 Matti Koivisto et al.
  • 1Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
  • 2Department of Management, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

Abstract. This paper analyses several energy system scenarios towards 2050 for the North Sea region. With focus on offshore wind power, the impacts of meshed offshore grid and sector coupling are studied. First, a project-based scenario, where each offshore wind power plant is connected individually to onshore, is compared to a meshed grid scenario. Both the amount of offshore wind installed and the level of curtailment are assessed. Then, these results are compared to a scenario with sector coupling included. The results show that while the introduction of a meshed grid can increase the amount of offshore wind installed towards 2050, sector coupling is expected to be a more important driver for increasing offshore wind installations. In addition, sector coupling can significantly decrease the level of offshore wind curtailment.

Matti Koivisto et al.

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Matti Koivisto et al.

Matti Koivisto et al.

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Several energy system scenarios towards 2050 for the North Sea region are analysed. With focus on offshore wind, the impacts of meshed offshore grid and sector coupling are studied. The results show that the introduction of a meshed grid can increase offshore wind installations by around 10 GW towards 2050. However, sector coupling is expected to increase offshore wind installations by tens of GW. In addition, sector coupling can significantly decrease the level of offshore wind curtailment.
Several energy system scenarios towards 2050 for the North Sea region are analysed. With focus...
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