Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2022-113
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2022-113
 
15 Dec 2022
15 Dec 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal WES.

Lessons learned in coupling atmospheric models across scales for onshore and offshore wind energy

Sue Ellen Haupt1, Branko Kosovic1, Larry K. Berg2, Colleen M. Kaul2, Matthew Churchfield3, Jeffrey Mirocha4, Dries Allaerts5, Thomas Brummet1, Shannon Davis6, Amy DeCastro1, Susan Dettling1, Caroline Draxl3, David John Gagne1, Patrick Hawbecker1, Pankaj Jha4, Timothy Juliano1, William Lassman4, Eliot Quon3, Raj Rai2, Michael Robinson6, William Shaw2, and Regis Thedin3 Sue Ellen Haupt et al.
  • 1National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, 80301, USA
  • 2Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, 99354, USA
  • 3National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO, 80401, USA
  • 4Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, 94550, USA
  • 5Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • 6Wind Energy Technology Office, US Department of Energy, Washington, D.C., 20585, USA

Abstract. The Mesoscale to Microscale Coupling team, part of the U.S. Department of Energy Atmosphere to electrons (A2e) initiative, has studied various important challenges related to coupling mesoscale models to microscale models for the use case of wind energy development and operation. Several coupling methods and techniques for generating turbulence at the microscale that is subgrid to the mesoscale have been evaluated for a variety of cases. Case studies included flat terrain, complex terrain, and offshore environments. Methods were developed to bridge the terra incognita, that scale from about 100 m through the depth of the boundary layer. The team used wind-relevant metrics and archived code, case information, and assessment tools and are making those widely available. Lessons learned and discerned best practices are described in the context of the cases studied for the purpose of enabling further deployment of wind energy.

Sue Ellen Haupt et al.

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Demystifying the terra-incognita', Javier Sanz Rodrigo, 06 Jan 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on wes-2022-113', Anonymous Referee #2, 13 Jan 2023

Sue Ellen Haupt et al.

Sue Ellen Haupt et al.

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Short summary
The Mesoscale to Microscale Coupling team, part of the U.S. Department of Energy Atmosphere to electrons (A2e) initiative, has studied various important challenges related to coupling mesoscale models to microscale models. Lessons learned and discerned best practices are described in the context of the cases studied for the purpose of enabling further deployment of wind energy. It also points to code, assessment tools, and data for testing the methods.