03 Aug 2022
03 Aug 2022
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal WES.

Grand Challenges: Wind energy research needs for a global energy transition

Paul Veers1, Katherine Dykes2, Sukanta Basu3, Alessandro Bianchini4, Andrew Clifton5, Peter Green1, Hannele Holttinen6,7, Lena Kitzing2, Branko Kosovic8, Julie K. Lundquist9,1, Johan Meyers10, Mark O’Malley7, William J. Shaw11, and Bethany Straw12 Paul Veers et al.
  • 1National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA
  • 2Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, 4000, Denmark
  • 3Delft University of Technology, 2628 CN, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 4Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze 50139, Italy
  • 5University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 70174, and enviConnect, Stuttgart, 70569, Germany
  • 6Recognis Oy, Espoo, 02200, Finland
  • 7University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland
  • 8National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA
  • 9University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
  • 10Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B3001 Leuven, Belgium
  • 11Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
  • 12U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA

Abstract. Wind energy is anticipated to play a central role in enabling a rapid transition from fossil fuels to a system based largely on renewable power. For wind power to fulfill its expected role as the backbone—providing nearly half of the electrical energy—of a renewable-based, carbon-neutral energy system, critical challenges around design, development, and deployment of land and offshore technologies must be addressed. During the past three years, the wind research community has invested significant effort toward understanding the nature and implications of these challenges and identifying associated gaps. The outcomes of these efforts are summarized in a series of ten articles, some under review by Wind Energy Science (WES) and others planned for submission during the coming months. This letter explains the genesis, significance, and impacts of these efforts.

Paul Veers et al.

Status: open (until 14 Sep 2022)

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Paul Veers et al.

Paul Veers et al.


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Short summary
Wind Energy will play a central role in the transition of our energy system to a carbon-free future. However, many underlying scientific issues remain to be resolved before wind can be deployed in the locations and applications needed for such large-scale ambitions. The Grand Challenges are the gaps in the science left behind during the rapid growth of wind energy. This article explains the breadth of the unfinished business and introduces ten articles that detail the research needs.