Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2023-179
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2023-179
08 Jan 2024
 | 08 Jan 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal WES and is expected to appear here in due course.

Grand challenges of Wind Energy Science – Meeting the needs and services of the power system

Mark O’Malley, Hannele Holttinen, Nicolaos Cutululis, Til Kristian Vrana, Jennifer King, Vahan Gevorgian, Xiongfei Wang, Fatemeh Rajaei-Najafabadi, and Andreas Hadjileonidas

Abstract. The share of wind power in power systems is increasing dramatically and this is happening in parallel with increased penetration of solar photovoltaics, storage, other inverter-based technologies, and electrification of other sectors. Integrating all these technologies in a cost-effective manner while maintaining (or improving) power system reliability is challenging and is driving radical changes to planning and operations paradigms. Wind power can maximise its long-term value to the power system by balancing the needs it imposes on the power system with its contribution to addressing these needs with services. Research in wind power should be guided by this balanced approach and by concentrating on its advantages over competitors. The research challenges within the wind technology itself are many and varied with control and coordination internally being a focal point in parallel with a strong need for coordination with research in other technologies such as storage, power electronics and power systems that together are fundamental and potentially profound. This is all driven by the unchanging nature of the fundamental objective of power systems – maintaining supply demand balance reliably at least cost.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Mark O’Malley, Hannele Holttinen, Nicolaos Cutululis, Til Kristian Vrana, Jennifer King, Vahan Gevorgian, Xiongfei Wang, Fatemeh Rajaei-Najafabadi, and Andreas Hadjileonidas

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Feb 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Feb 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
  • CC1: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', S M Shafiul Alam, 26 Feb 2024
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', Anonymous Referee #1, 07 Feb 2024
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on RC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', Anonymous Referee #2, 26 Feb 2024
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
  • CC1: 'Comment on wes-2023-179', S M Shafiul Alam, 26 Feb 2024
    • AC3: 'Reply on CC1', Fatemeh Rajaei Najafabadi, 06 May 2024
Mark O’Malley, Hannele Holttinen, Nicolaos Cutululis, Til Kristian Vrana, Jennifer King, Vahan Gevorgian, Xiongfei Wang, Fatemeh Rajaei-Najafabadi, and Andreas Hadjileonidas
Mark O’Malley, Hannele Holttinen, Nicolaos Cutululis, Til Kristian Vrana, Jennifer King, Vahan Gevorgian, Xiongfei Wang, Fatemeh Rajaei-Najafabadi, and Andreas Hadjileonidas

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Short summary
The rising share of wind power poses challenges to cost-effective integration while ensuring reliability. Balancing the needs and contributions of wind power is crucial for long-term value. Research should prioritize its advantages over competitors, focusing on internal challenges like control and coordination. Collaboration with other technologies is essential for addressing fundamental objectives of power systems—maintaining reliable supply-demand balance at least cost.
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