Received: 31 Jan 2020 – Discussion started: 25 Mar 2020
Abstract. In common industrial practice based on IEC standards, wind turbine simulations are computed in the time domain for each mean wind speed bin using six unsteady wind seeds. Different software such as FAST, Balded or HAWC2 can be used to this purpose, to capture the unsteadiness and uncertainties of the wind in the simulations. The statistics of these simulations are extracted and used to calculate fatigue and extreme loads on the wind turbine components. Having only six seeds does not guarantee an accurate estimation of the overall statistics. One solution might be running more seeds; however, this will increase the computation cost. Moreover, to move beyond Blade Element Momentum based tools toward vortex/potential flow formulations, a reduction in the computational cost associated with the unsteady flow and uncertainty handling is required. This study illustrates the stationary character of the unsteady aerodynamic statistics based on the standard turbulence models. Afterward, we propose a non-intrusive Polynomial Chaos Expansion to build a surrogate model of the loads' statistics at each time step, to estimate the statistics more accurately and efficiently.
How to cite. Haghi, R. and Crawford, C.: Surrogate models for unsteady aerodynamics using non-intrusive Polynomial Chaos Expansions, Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-24, 2020.