Articles | Volume 1, issue 1
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 1–39, 2016
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 1–39, 2016

Review article 09 Feb 2016

Review article | 09 Feb 2016

Long-term research challenges in wind energy – a research agenda by the European Academy of Wind Energy

G. A. M. van Kuik1, J. Peinke2, R. Nijssen3, D. Lekou4, J. Mann5, J. N. Sørensen5, C. Ferreira1, J. W. van Wingerden1, D. Schlipf6, P. Gebraad7, H. Polinder1, A. Abrahamsen5, G. J. W. van Bussel1, J. D. Sørensen8, P. Tavner9, C. L. Bottasso10,11, M. Muskulus12, D. Matha6, H. J. Lindeboom13, S. Degraer14, O. Kramer2, S. Lehnhoff2, M. Sonnenschein2, P. E. Sørensen5, R. W. Künneke1, P. E. Morthorst5, and K. Skytte5 G. A. M. van Kuik et al.
  • 1Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands
  • 2Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
  • 3Knowledge Center WMC, Wieringerwerf, the Netherlands
  • 4Center for Renewable Energy Sources, Pikermi Attiki, Greece
  • 5Technical University Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
  • 6University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
  • 7National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, USA
  • 8Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
  • 9Durham University, Durham, UK
  • 10Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany
  • 11Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
  • 12Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • 13IMARES-Wageningen UR, Wageningen, the Netherlands
  • 14Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

Abstract. The European Academy of Wind Energy (eawe), representing universities and institutes with a significant wind energy programme in 14 countries, has discussed the long-term research challenges in wind energy. In contrast to research agendas addressing short- to medium-term research activities, this eawe document takes a longer-term perspective, addressing the scientific knowledge base that is required to develop wind energy beyond the applications of today and tomorrow. In other words, this long-term research agenda is driven by problems and curiosity, addressing basic research and fundamental knowledge in 11 research areas, ranging from physics and design to environmental and societal aspects. Because of the very nature of this initiative, this document does not intend to be permanent or complete. It shows the vision of the experts of the eawe, but other views may be possible. We sincerely hope that it will spur an even more intensive discussion worldwide within the wind energy community.