Lidar-based wake tracking for closed-loop wind farm control
- Stuttgart Wind Energy (SWE), University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 5B, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
Abstract. This work presents two advancements towards closed-loop wake redirection of a wind turbine. First, a model-based wake-tracking approach is presented, which uses a nacelle-based lidar system facing downwind to obtain information about the wake. The method uses a reduced-order wake model to track the wake. The wake tracking is demonstrated with lidar measurement data from an offshore campaign and with simulated lidar data from a simulation with the Simulator fOr Wind Farm Applications (SOWFA). Second, a controller for closed-loop wake steering is presented. It uses the wake-tracking information to set the yaw actuator of the wind turbine to redirect the wake to a desired position. Altogether, the two approaches enable a closed-loop wake redirection.