Aeroelastic stability of idling wind turbines
- 1China-EU Institute for Clean and Renewable Energy, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Rd, Wuhan, China
- 2School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
Abstract. Wind turbine rotors in idling operation mode can experience high angles of attack within the post-stall region that are capable of triggering stall-induced vibrations. The aim of the present paper is to extend the existing knowledge on the dynamics and aerodynamics of an idling wind turbine and characterize its stability. Rotor stability in slow idling operation is assessed on the basis of nonlinear time domain and linear eigenvalue analyses. The aim is to establish when linear analysis is reliable and identify cases for which nonlinear effects are significant. Analysis is performed for a 10 MW conceptual wind turbine designed by DTU. First, the flow conditions that are likely to favor stall-induced instabilities are identified through nonlinear time domain aeroelastic simulations. Next, for the above specified conditions, eigenvalue stability analysis is performed to identify the low damped modes of the turbine. The eigenvalue stability results are evaluated through computations of the work done by the aerodynamic forces under imposed harmonic motion following the shape and frequency of the various modes. Nonlinear work characteristics predicted by the ONERA and Beddoes–Leishman (BL) dynamic stall models are compared. Both the eigenvalue and work analyses indicate that the asymmetric and symmetric out-of-plane modes have the lowest damping. The results of the eigenvalue analysis agree well with those of the nonlinear work analysis and the time domain simulations.