Articles | Volume 4, issue 1
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019
Research article
 | 
30 Jan 2019
Research article |  | 30 Jan 2019

Coupled wind turbine design and layout optimization with nonhomogeneous wind turbines

Andrew P. J. Stanley and Andrew Ning

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Latest update: 20 May 2024
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Short summary
We show that optimizing wind turbine design and wind turbine layout at the same time is superior to doing so sequentially. This coupled optimization can reduce the cost of energy by 2–5 % compared to sequential optimization. We also demonstrate that wind farms with closely spaced wind turbines can greatly benefit from different turbine designs throughout the farm. Heterogeneous turbine design can reduce the cost of energy by up to 10 % compared to farms with all identical turbines.
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