Articles | Volume 2, issue 1
Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 115–131, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-115-2017
Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 115–131, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-115-2017

Research article 10 Mar 2017

Research article | 10 Mar 2017

Optimization of wind plant layouts using an adjoint approach

Ryan N. King et al.

Data sets

Sensitivity Analysis of Wind Plant Performance to Key Turbine Design Parameters: A Systems Engineering Approach K. Dykes, A. Ning, R. King, P. Graf, G. Scott, and P. S. Veers https://nwtc.nrel.gov/WISDEM

NREL National Wind Technology Center (NWTC): M2 Tower; Boulder, Colorado (Data) D. Jager and A. Andreas https://www.nrel.gov/midc/nwtc_m2/

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Short summary
This paper demonstrates optimization of wind turbine locations within a utility-scale wind plant using a nonlinear flow model and gradient-based optimization techniques made possible through the use of adjoints. This represents a groundbreaking improvement in model fidelity and optimization efficiency for wind energy applications. The optimized wind farms demonstrate significant improvements in annual energy production with turbine layouts that take advantage of nonlinear flow curvature effects.