Articles | Volume 7, issue 2
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 659–676, 2022
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 659–676, 2022
Research article
24 Mar 2022
Research article | 24 Mar 2022

Validation of wind resource and energy production simulations for small wind turbines in the United States

Lindsay M. Sheridan et al.

Data sets

Wind Forecast Improvement Project 1 I. Djalalova

Integrated Surface Dataset NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction

National Data Buoy Center NOAA National Data Buoy Center

Argonne 60 m Meteorological Tower Argonne National Laboratory

Current Observations Brookhaven National Laboratory

Flatirons Campus Data NREL

AmeriFlux Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The Tall Tower Dataset B2SHARE

BPA Meteorological Information Bonneville Power Administration

Resource Data University of Massachusetts Wind Energy Center

Wind Integration National Dataset Toolkit NREL


Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office

System Advisor Model (SAM) NREL

Wind Report Bergey WindPower Co. DTU Wind Energy and EMD International A/S

Global Wind Atlas DTU Wind Energy and World Bank Group

Short summary
The small wind community relies on simplified wind models and energy production simulation tools to obtain energy generation expectations. We gathered actual wind speed and turbine production data across the US to test the accuracy of models and tools for small wind turbines. This study provides small wind installers and owners with the error metrics and sources of error associated with using models and tools to make performance estimates, empowering them to adjust expectations accordingly.