Articles | Volume 8, issue 4
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-8-535-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-8-535-2023
Research article
 | 
13 Apr 2023
Research article |  | 13 Apr 2023

From gigawatt to multi-gigawatt wind farms: wake effects, energy budgets and inertial gravity waves investigated by large-eddy simulations

Oliver Maas

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Short summary
The study compares small vs. large wind farms regarding the flow and power output with a turbulence-resolving simulation model. It shows that a large wind farm (90 km length) significantly affects the wind direction and that the wind speed is higher in the large wind farm wake. Both wind farms excite atmospheric gravity waves that also affect the power output of the wind farms.
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