Articles | Volume 6, issue 2
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 311–365, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-6-311-2021
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 311–365, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-6-311-2021

Review article 05 Mar 2021

Review article | 05 Mar 2021

An overview of wind-energy-production prediction bias, losses, and uncertainties

Joseph C. Y. Lee and M. Jason Fields

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Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Joseph C. Y. Lee on behalf of the Authors (16 Oct 2020)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (04 Nov 2020) by Carlo L. Bottasso
RR by Mark Kelly (30 Nov 2020)
RR by Anonymous Referee #2 (09 Jan 2021)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (09 Jan 2021) by Carlo L. Bottasso
AR by Svenja Lange on behalf of the Authors (13 Jan 2021)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (13 Jan 2021) by Carlo L. Bottasso
ED: Publish as is (19 Jan 2021) by Jakob Mann(Chief Editor)
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Short summary
This review paper evaluates the energy prediction bias in the wind resource assessment process, and the overprediction bias is decreasing over time. We examine the estimated and observed losses and uncertainties in energy production from the literature, according to the proposed framework in the International Electrotechnical Commission 61400-15 standard. The considerable uncertainties call for further improvements in the prediction methodologies and more observations for validation.