Articles | Volume 5, issue 4
Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 1297–1313, 2020

Special issue: Wind Energy Science Conference 2019

Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 1297–1313, 2020
Research article
12 Oct 2020
Research article | 12 Oct 2020

Grid-forming control strategies for black start by offshore wind power plants

Anubhav Jain et al.

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Cited articles

Akagi, H., Watanabe, E. H., and Aredes, M.: Instantaneous Power Theory and Applications to Power Conditioning, 2nd edn., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey,2017. a
Aktarujjaman, M., Kashem, M., Negnevitsky, M., and Ledwich, G.: Black start with DFIG based distributed generation after major emergencies, in: 2006 IEEE International Conference on Power Electronic, Drives and Energy Systems, 1–6, 2006. a
Andersen, B. and Xu, L.: Hybrid HVDC System for Power Transmission to Island Networks, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 19, 1884–1890, 2004. a
Arbab-Zavar, B., Palacios-Garcia, E. J., Vasquez, J. C., and Guerrero, J. M.: Smart Inverters for Microgrid Applications: A Review, Energies, 12, 840, 2019. a, b
Arghir, C., Jouini, T., and Dörfler, F.: Grid-forming Control for Power Converters based on Matching of Synchronous Machines, Automatica, 95, 273–282, 2018. a
Short summary
This paper provides an understanding of grid-forming control of wind turbines that can enable their black-start and islanding functionalities. Four control strategies have been tested with the aim to compare their capability to deal with the energization transients of an HVDC-connected offshore wind power plant, while maintaining stable offshore voltage and frequency. This is a step forward in overcoming wind turbine control challenges to provide black-start/restoration ancillary services.