Articles | Volume 8, issue 7
Research article
17 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 17 Jul 2023

Impact of wind profiles on ground-generation airborne wind energy system performance

Markus Sommerfeld, Martin Dörenkämper, Jochem De Schutter, and Curran Crawford

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Cited articles

Abramowitz, M. and Stegun, I. A. (Eds.): Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, ISBN 0486612724, 1965. a, b
Airborne Wind Europe: Glossary – definitions of AWE-specific terms, (last access: 29 March 2022), 2021. a, b, c, d
Ampyx Power BV: Ampyx Power is developing Airborne Wind Energy Systems, (last access: 26 April 2023), 2020. a, b, c, d, e
Archer, C. L., Colle, B. A., Veron, D. L., Veron, F., and Sienkiewicz, M. J.: On the predominance of unstable atmospheric conditions in the marine boundary layer offshore of the U.S. northeastern coast, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 8869–8885,, 2016. a
Argatov, I. and Silvennoinen, R.: Efficiency of Traction Power Conversion Based on Crosswind Motion, in: Airborne Wind Energy, edited by: Ahrens, U., Diehl, M., and Schmehl, R., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 65–79,, 2013. a
Short summary
This study investigates the performance of pumping-mode ground-generation airborne wind energy systems by determining power-optimal flight trajectories based on realistic, k-means clustered, vertical wind velocity profiles. These profiles, derived from mesoscale weather simulations at an offshore and an onshore site in Europe, are incorporated into an optimal control model that maximizes average cycle power by optimizing the kite's trajectory.
Final-revised paper