Articles | Volume 6, issue 2
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 461–476, 2021
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 461–476, 2021
Research article
22 Mar 2021
Research article | 22 Mar 2021

Power fluctuations in high-installation- density offshore wind fleets

Juan Pablo Murcia Leon et al.

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Cited articles

Agora Energiewende, Agora Verkehrswende, Technical University of Denmark, and Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry: Making the Most of Offshore Wind: Re-Evaluating the Potential of Offshore Wind in the German North Sea, Tech. rep., available at:, last access: 19 March 2020. a, b
Apt, J.: The spectrum of power from wind turbines, J. Power Sour., 169, 369–374, 2007. a
Bastankhah, M. and Porté-Agel, F.: A new analytical model for wind-turbine wakes, Renew. Energy, 70, 116–123, 2014. a
Bastine, D., Larsén, X., Witha, B., Dörenkämper, M., and Gottschall, J.: Extreme winds in the New European Wind Atlas, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1102, 012006,, 2018. a
Bleeg, J., Purcell, M., Ruisi, R., and Traiger, E.: Wind farm blockage and the consequences of neglecting its impact on energy production, Energies, 11, 1609,, 2018. a
Short summary
Detailed wind generation simulations of the 2028 Belgian offshore fleet are performed in order to quantify the distribution and extremes of power fluctuations in several time windows. A model validation with respect to the operational data of the 2018 fleet shows that the methodology presented in this article is able to capture the distribution of wind power and its spatiotemporal characteristics. The results show that the standardized generation ramps are expected to be reduced in the future.