Articles | Volume 8, issue 2
Brief communication
24 Feb 2023
Brief communication |  | 24 Feb 2023

Brief communication: A clarification of wake recovery mechanisms

Maarten Paul van der Laan, Mads Baungaard, and Mark Kelly

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Revised manuscript under review for WES
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Thematic area: Fluid mechanics | Topic: Wakes and wind farm aerodynamics
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Cited articles

Abkar, M. and Porté-Agel, F.: Influence of atmospheric stability on wind-turbine wakes: A large-eddy simulation study, Phys. Fluids, 27, 035104,, 2015. a
Andersen, S. J., Sørensen, J. N., and Mikkelsen, R. F.: Turbulence and entrainment length scales in large wind farms, Philos. T. Roy. Soc. A, 375, 20160107,, 2017. a
Bastankhah, M. and Porté-Agel, F.: A new analytical model for wind-turbine wakes, Renew. Energy, 70, 116–123,, 2014. a, b
Bastankhah, M., Welch, B. L., Martínez-Tossas, L. A., King, J., and Fleming, P.: Analytical solution for the cumulative wake of wind turbines in wind farms, J. Fluid Mech., 911, A53,, 2021. a
Boussinesq, M. J.: Théorie de l'écoulement tourbillonnant et tumultueux des liquides, Gauthier-Villars et fils, Paris, France, (last access: 23 February 2022), 1897. a, b, c
Short summary
Understanding wind turbine wake recovery is important to mitigate energy losses in wind farms. Wake recovery is often assumed or explained to be dependent on the first-order derivative of velocity. In this work we show that wind turbine wakes recover mainly due to the second-order derivative of the velocity, which transport momentum from the freestream towards the wake center. The wake recovery mechanisms and results of a high-fidelity numerical simulation are illustrated using a simple model.
Final-revised paper