Articles | Volume 8, issue 7
Research article
04 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 04 Jul 2023

Investigating the physical mechanisms that modify wind plant blockage in stable boundary layers

Miguel Sanchez Gomez, Julie K. Lundquist, Jeffrey D. Mirocha, and Robert S. Arthur

Related authors

Turbulence dissipation rate estimated from lidar observations during the LAPSE-RATE field campaign
Miguel Sanchez Gomez, Julie K. Lundquist, Petra M. Klein, and Tyler M. Bell
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 13, 3539–3549,,, 2021
Short summary
Quantifying wind plant blockage under stable atmospheric conditions
Miguel Sanchez Gomez, Julie K. Lundquist, Jeffrey D. Mirocha, Robert S. Arthur, and Domingo Muñoz-Esparza
Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2021
Revised manuscript not accepted
Short summary
The effect of wind direction shear on turbine performance in a wind farm in central Iowa
Miguel Sanchez Gomez and Julie K. Lundquist
Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 125–139,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Thematic area: Wind and the atmosphere | Topic: Atmospheric physics
Simulating low-frequency wind fluctuations
Abdul Haseeb Syed and Jakob Mann
Wind Energ. Sci., 9, 1381–1391,,, 2024
Short summary
Tropical cyclone low-level wind speed, shear, and veer: sensitivity to the boundary layer parametrization in the Weather Research and Forecasting model
Sara Müller, Xiaoli Guo Larsén, and David Robert Verelst
Wind Energ. Sci., 9, 1153–1171,,, 2024
Short summary
The multi-scale coupled model: a new framework capturing wind farm–atmosphere interaction and global blockage effects
Sebastiano Stipa, Arjun Ajay, Dries Allaerts, and Joshua Brinkerhoff
Wind Energ. Sci., 9, 1123–1152,,, 2024
Short summary
Seasonal variability of wake impacts on US mid-Atlantic offshore wind plant power production
David Rosencrans, Julie K. Lundquist, Mike Optis, Alex Rybchuk, Nicola Bodini, and Michael Rossol
Wind Energ. Sci., 9, 555–583,,, 2024
Short summary
An LES Model for Wind Farm-Induced Atmospheric Gravity Wave Effects Inside Conventionally Neutral Boundary Layers
Sebastiano Stipa, Mehtab Ahmed Khan, Dries Allaerts, and Joshua Brinkerhoff
Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2024
Revised manuscript accepted for WES
Short summary

Cited articles

Aitken, M. L., Kosović, B., Mirocha, J. D., and Lundquist, J. K.: Large eddy simulation of wind turbine wake dynamics in the stable boundary layer using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, J. Renew. Sustain. Energ., 6, 033137,, 2014. a, b
Allaerts, D. and Meyers, J.: Boundary-layer development and gravity waves in conventionally neutral wind farms, J. Fluid Mech., 814, 95–130,, 2017. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Allaerts, D. and Meyers, J.: Gravity Waves and Wind-Farm Efficiency in Neutral and Stable Conditions, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 166, 269–299,, 2018. a, b, c, d, e, f
Allaerts, D. and Meyers, J.: Sensitivity and feedback of wind-farm-induced gravity waves, J. Fluid Mech., 862, 990–1028,, 2019. a, b, c
Arthur, R. S., Mirocha, J. D., Marjanovic, N., Hirth, B. D., Schroeder, J. L., Wharton, S., and Chow, F. K.: Multi-Scale Simulation of Wind Farm Performance during a Frontal Passage, Atmosphere, 11, 245,, 2020. a, b
Short summary
The wind slows down as it approaches a wind plant; this phenomenon is called blockage. As a result, the turbines in the wind plant produce less power than initially anticipated. We investigate wind plant blockage for two atmospheric conditions. Blockage is larger for a wind plant compared to a stand-alone turbine. Also, blockage increases with atmospheric stability. Blockage is amplified by the vertical transport of horizontal momentum as the wind approaches the front-row turbines in the array.
Final-revised paper