Articles | Volume 6, issue 6
Research article
30 Nov 2021
Research article |  | 30 Nov 2021

The 3 km Norwegian reanalysis (NORA3) – a validation of offshore wind resources in the North Sea and the Norwegian Sea

Ida Marie Solbrekke, Asgeir Sorteberg, and Hilde Haakenstad

Related authors

Mitigation of offshore wind power intermittency by interconnection of production sites
Ida Marie Solbrekke, Nils Gunnar Kvamstø, and Asgeir Sorteberg
Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 1663–1678,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Wind and turbulence
Evaluation of obstacle modelling approaches for resource assessment and small wind turbine siting: case study in the northern Netherlands
Caleb Phillips, Lindsay M. Sheridan, Patrick Conry, Dimitrios K. Fytanidis, Dmitry Duplyakin, Sagi Zisman, Nicolas Duboc, Matt Nelson, Rao Kotamarthi, Rod Linn, Marc Broersma, Timo Spijkerboer, and Heidi Tinnesand
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1153–1169,,, 2022
Short summary
Comparing and validating intra-farm and farm-to-farm wakes across different mesoscale and high-resolution wake models
Jana Fischereit, Kurt Schaldemose Hansen, Xiaoli Guo Larsén, Maarten Paul van der Laan, Pierre-Elouan Réthoré, and Juan Pablo Murcia Leon
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1069–1091,,, 2022
Short summary
Large-eddy simulation of airborne wind energy farms
Thomas Haas, Jochem De Schutter, Moritz Diehl, and Johan Meyers
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1093–1135,,, 2022
Short summary
Investigation into boundary layer transition using wall-resolved large-eddy simulations and modeled inflow turbulence
Brandon Arthur Lobo, Alois Peter Schaffarczyk, and Michael Breuer
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 967–990,,, 2022
Short summary
Evaluation of the global-blockage effect on power performance through simulations and measurements
Alessandro Sebastiani, Alfredo Peña, Niels Troldborg, and Alexander Meyer Forsting
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 875–886,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Badger, M., Peña, A., Hahmann, A. N., Mouche, A. A., and Hasager, C. B.: Extrapolating Satellite Winds to Turbine Operating Heights, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 55, 975–991,, 2016. a
Bengtsson, L., Andrae, U., Aspelien, T., Batrak, Y., Calvo, J., d. Rooy, W., Gleeson, E., Hansen-Sass, B., Homleid, M., Hortal, M., Ivarsson, K. I., Lenderink, G., Niemelä, S., Nielsen, K. P., Onvlee, J., Rontu, L., Samuelsson, P., Muñoz, D. S., Subias, A., Tijm, S., Toll, V., Yang, X., and d. Køltzow, M. Ø.: The HARMONIE-AROME model configuration in the ALADIN-HIRLAM NWP system, Mon. Weather Rev., 145, 1919–1935,, 2017. a, b
Berge, E., Byrkjedal, y., Ydersbond, Y., and Kindler, D.: Modelling of offshore wind resources. Comparison of a meso-scale model and measurements from FINO 1 and North Sea oil rigs, in: vol. 4, European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 2009, EWEC 2009, 16–19 March 2009, Marseille, France, 2327–2334, 2009. a, b, c
Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie: FINO1 data, available at:, last access: November 2021. a
Byrkjedal, Ø. and Åkervik, E.: Vindkart for Norge, Tech. rep., Kjeller Vindteknikk, available at: (last access: September 2021), 2009. a, b
Short summary
We validate new high-resolution data set (NORA3) for offshore wind power purposes for the North Sea and the Norwegian Sea. The aim of the validation is to ensure that NORA3 can act as a wind resource data set in the planning phase for future offshore wind power installations in the area of concern. The general conclusion of the validation is that NORA3 is well suited for wind power estimates but gives slightly conservative estimates of the offshore wind metrics.
Final-revised paper