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Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
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09 Feb 2016
Long-term research challenges in wind energy – a research agenda by the European Academy of Wind Energy
G. A. M. van Kuik, J. Peinke, R. Nijssen, D. Lekou, J. Mann, J. N. Sørensen, C. Ferreira, J. W. van Wingerden, D. Schlipf, P. Gebraad, H. Polinder, A. Abrahamsen, G. J. W. van Bussel, J. D. Sørensen, P. Tavner, C. L. Bottasso, M. Muskulus, D. Matha, H. J. Lindeboom, S. Degraer, O. Kramer, S. Lehnhoff, M. Sonnenschein, P. E. Sørensen, R. W. Künneke, P. E. Morthorst, and K. Skytte
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 1–39, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-1-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-1-2016, 2016 | 11,849 views
28 Jan 2020
Should wind turbines rotate in the opposite direction?
Antonia Englberger, Julie K. Lundquist, and Andreas Dörnbrack
Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2019-105,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2019-105, 2020
Revised manuscript under review for WES (discussion: final response, 8 comments) | 7,025 views
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20 May 2019
Initial results from a field campaign of wake steering applied at a commercial wind farm – Part 1
Paul Fleming, Jennifer King, Katherine Dykes, Eric Simley, Jason Roadman, Andrew Scholbrock, Patrick Murphy, Julie K. Lundquist, Patrick Moriarty, Katherine Fleming, Jeroen van Dam, Christopher Bay, Rafael Mudafort, Hector Lopez, Jason Skopek, Michael Scott, Brady Ryan, Charles Guernsey, and Dan Brake
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 273–285, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-273-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-273-2019, 2019 | 4,347 views
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20 May 2019
Power curve and wake analyses of the Vestas multi-rotor demonstrator
Maarten Paul van der Laan, Søren Juhl Andersen, Néstor Ramos García, Nikolas Angelou, Georg Raimund Pirrung, Søren Ott, Mikael Sjöholm, Kim Hylling Sørensen, Julio Xavier Vianna Neto, Mark Kelly, Torben Krogh Mikkelsen, and Gunner Christian Larsen
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 251–271, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-251-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-251-2019, 2019 | 4,253 views
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08 May 2017
Field test of wake steering at an offshore wind farm
Paul Fleming, Jennifer Annoni, Jigar J. Shah, Linpeng Wang, Shreyas Ananthan, Zhijun Zhang, Kyle Hutchings, Peng Wang, Weiguo Chen, and Lin Chen
Wind Energ. Sci., 2, 229–239, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-229-2017,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2-229-2017, 2017 | 4,168 views
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01 Nov 2018
Analysis of control-oriented wake modeling tools using lidar field results
Jennifer Annoni, Paul Fleming, Andrew Scholbrock, Jason Roadman, Scott Dana, Christiane Adcock, Fernando Porte-Agel, Steffen Raach, Florian Haizmann, and David Schlipf
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 819–831, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-819-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-819-2018, 2018 | 3,957 views
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14 Mar 2019
An active power control approach for wake-induced load alleviation in a fully developed wind farm boundary layer
Mehdi Vali, Vlaho Petrović, Gerald Steinfeld, Lucy Y. Pao, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 139–161, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-139-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-139-2019, 2019 | 3,897 views
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13 Sep 2016
Estimating the wake deflection downstream of a wind turbine in different atmospheric stabilities: an LES study
Lukas Vollmer, Gerald Steinfeld, Detlev Heinemann, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 129–141, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-129-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-129-2016, 2016 | 3,877 views
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06 Mar 2018
A control-oriented dynamic wind farm model: WFSim
Sjoerd Boersma, Bart Doekemeijer, Mehdi Vali, Johan Meyers, and Jan-Willem van Wingerden
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 75–95, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-75-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-75-2018, 2018 | 3,850 views
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17 Jan 2018
Extraction of the wake induction and angle of attack on rotating wind turbine blades from PIV and CFD results
Iván Herráez, Elia Daniele, and J. Gerard Schepers
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 1–9, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-1-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-1-2018, 2018 | 3,672 views
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19 Oct 2018
Extending the life of wind turbine blade leading edges by reducing the tip speed during extreme precipitation events
Jakob Ilsted Bech, Charlotte Bay Hasager, and Christian Bak
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 729–748, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-729-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-729-2018, 2018 | 3,593 views
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16 Oct 2018
An efficient frequency-domain model for quick load analysis of floating offshore wind turbines
Antonio Pegalajar-Jurado, Michael Borg, and Henrik Bredmose
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 693–712, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-693-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-693-2018, 2018 | 3,523 views
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12 Nov 2018
Robust active wake control in consideration of wind direction variability and uncertainty
Andreas Rott, Bart Doekemeijer, Janna Kristina Seifert, Jan-Willem van Wingerden, and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 869–882, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-869-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-869-2018, 2018 | 3,499 views
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01 Jun 2018
Wind tunnel experiments on wind turbine wakes in yaw: effects of inflow turbulence and shear
Jan Bartl, Franz Mühle, Jannik Schottler, Lars Sætran, Joachim Peinke, Muyiwa Adaramola, and Michael Hölling
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 329–343, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-329-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-329-2018, 2018 | 3,461 views
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25 Apr 2018
Ducted wind turbine optimization and sensitivity to rotor position
Nojan Bagheri-Sadeghi, Brian T. Helenbrook, and Kenneth D. Visser
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 221–229, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-221-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-221-2018, 2018 | 3,431 views
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08 Jan 2019
Aerodynamic characterization of a soft kite by in situ flow measurement
Johannes Oehler and Roland Schmehl
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 1–21, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-1-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-1-2019, 2019 | 3,397 views
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03 Apr 2019
Multipoint high-fidelity CFD-based aerodynamic shape optimization of a 10 MW wind turbine
Mads H. Aa. Madsen, Frederik Zahle, Niels N. Sørensen, and Joaquim R. R. A. Martins
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 163–192, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-163-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-163-2019, 2019 | 3,384 views
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29 Jan 2019
Wake behavior and control: comparison of LES simulations and wind tunnel measurements
Jiangang Wang, Chengyu Wang, Filippo Campagnolo, and Carlo L. Bottasso
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 71–88, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-71-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-71-2019, 2019 | 3,382 views
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16 Aug 2018
Numerical analyses and optimizations on the flow in the nacelle region of a wind turbine
Pascal Weihing, Tim Wegmann, Thorsten Lutz, Ewald Krämer, Timo Kühn, and Andree Altmikus
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 503–531, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-503-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-503-2018, 2018 | 3,379 views
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21 Jun 2018
About the suitability of different numerical methods to reproduce model wind turbine measurements in a wind tunnel with a high blockage ratio
Annette Claudia Klein, Sirko Bartholomay, David Marten, Thorsten Lutz, George Pechlivanoglou, Christian Navid Nayeri, Christian Oliver Paschereit, and Ewald Krämer
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 439–460, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-439-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-439-2018, 2018 | 3,334 views
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05 Nov 2018
Assessing variability of wind speed: comparison and validation of 27 methodologies
Joseph C. Y. Lee, M. Jason Fields, and Julie K. Lundquist
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 845–868, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-845-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-845-2018, 2018 | 3,311 views
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24 Sep 2018
Interannual variability of wind climates and wind turbine annual energy production
Sara C. Pryor, Tristan J. Shepherd, and Rebecca J. Barthelmie
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 651–665, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-651-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-651-2018, 2018 | 3,288 views
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13 Apr 2018
Assessment of wind turbine component loads under yaw-offset conditions
Rick Damiani, Scott Dana, Jennifer Annoni, Paul Fleming, Jason Roadman, Jeroen van Dam, and Katherine Dykes
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 173–189, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-173-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-173-2018, 2018 | 3,254 views
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17 May 2018
System identification, fuzzy control and simulation of a kite power system with fixed tether length
Tarek N. Dief, Uwe Fechner, Roland Schmehl, Shigeo Yoshida, Amr M. M. Ismaiel, and Amr M. Halawa
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 275–291, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-275-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-275-2018, 2018 | 3,244 views
05 Mar 2019
The aerodynamics of the curled wake: a simplified model in view of flow control
Luis A. Martínez-Tossas, Jennifer Annoni, Paul A. Fleming, and Matthew J. Churchfield
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 127–138, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-127-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-127-2019, 2019 | 3,223 views
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03 Apr 2019
Low-level jets over the North Sea based on ERA5 and observations: together they do better
Peter C. Kalverla, James B. Duncan Jr., Gert-Jan Steeneveld, and Albert A. M. Holtslag
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 193–209, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-193-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-193-2019, 2019 | 3,223 views
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20 Jun 2019
Wind direction estimation using SCADA data with consensus-based optimization
Jennifer Annoni, Christopher Bay, Kathryn Johnson, Emiliano Dall'Anese, Eliot Quon, Travis Kemper, and Paul Fleming
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 355–368, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-355-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-355-2019, 2019 | 3,207 views
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16 Nov 2018
Blind test comparison on the wake behind a yawed wind turbine
Franz Mühle, Jannik Schottler, Jan Bartl, Romain Futrzynski, Steve Evans, Luca Bernini, Paolo Schito, Martín Draper, Andrés Guggeri, Elektra Kleusberg, Dan S. Henningson, Michael Hölling, Joachim Peinke, Muyiwa S. Adaramola, and Lars Sætran
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 883–903, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-883-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-883-2018, 2018 | 3,201 views
28 Jan 2019
Determination of natural frequencies and mode shapes of a wind turbine rotor blade using Timoshenko beam elements
Evgueni Stanoev and Sudhanva Kusuma Chandrashekhara
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 57–69, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-57-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-57-2019, 2019 | 3,157 views
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22 May 2019
Local turbulence parameterization improves the Jensen wake model and its implementation for power optimization of an operating wind farm
Thomas Duc, Olivier Coupiac, Nicolas Girard, Gregor Giebel, and Tuhfe Göçmen
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 287–302, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-287-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-287-2019, 2019 | 3,137 views
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31 Jan 2019
Comparison between upwind and downwind designs of a 10 MW wind turbine rotor
Pietro Bortolotti, Abhinav Kapila, and Carlo L. Bottasso
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 115–125, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-115-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-115-2019, 2019 | 3,116 views
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14 Mar 2018
Friction torque of wind-turbine pitch bearings – comparison of experimental results with available models
Matthias Stammler, Fabian Schwack, Norbert Bader, Andreas Reuter, and Gerhard Poll
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 97–105, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-97-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-97-2018, 2018 | 3,112 views
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28 May 2019
More accurate aeroelastic wind-turbine load simulations using detailed inflow information
Mads Mølgaard Pedersen, Torben Juul Larsen, Helge Aagaard Madsen, and Gunner Christian Larsen
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 303–323, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-303-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-303-2019, 2019 | 3,092 views
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08 May 2019
Polynomial chaos to efficiently compute the annual energy production in wind farm layout optimization
Andrés Santiago Padrón, Jared Thomas, Andrew P. J. Stanley, Juan J. Alonso, and Andrew Ning
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 211–231, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-211-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-211-2019, 2019 | 3,063 views
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30 Jan 2019
Coupled wind turbine design and layout optimization with nonhomogeneous wind turbines
Andrew P. J. Stanley and Andrew Ning
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 99–114, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-99-2019, 2019 | 3,060 views
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09 Oct 2018
Probabilistic forecasting of wind power production losses in cold climates: a case study
Jennie Molinder, Heiner Körnich, Esbjörn Olsson, Hans Bergström, and Anna Sjöblom
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 667–680, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-667-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-667-2018, 2018 | 3,053 views
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06 Jul 2018
Simulation of transient gusts on the NREL 5 MW wind turbine using the URANS solver THETA
Annika Länger-Möller
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 461–474, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-461-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-461-2018, 2018 | 3,033 views
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08 Jun 2018
From lidar scans to roughness maps for wind resource modelling in forested areas
Rogier Floors, Peter Enevoldsen, Neil Davis, Johan Arnqvist, and Ebba Dellwik
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 353–370, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-353-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-353-2018, 2018 | 3,021 views
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22 Jan 2019
A comparison study on jacket substructures for offshore wind turbines based on optimization
Jan Häfele, Cristian G. Gebhardt, and Raimund Rolfes
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 23–40, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-23-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-23-2019, 2019 | 3,018 views
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14 Mar 2018
Effects of defects in composite wind turbine blades – Part 3: A framework for treating defects as uncertainty variables for blade analysis
Trey W. Riddle, Jared W. Nelson, and Douglas S. Cairns
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 107–120, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-107-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-107-2018, 2018 | 3,004 views
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14 Jun 2018
Determination of optimal wind turbine alignment into the wind and detection of alignment changes with SCADA data
Niko Mittelmeier and Martin Kühn
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 395–408, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-395-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-395-2018, 2018 | 2,989 views
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22 Aug 2018
Dynamic inflow effects in measurements and high-fidelity computations
Georg Raimund Pirrung and Helge Aagaard Madsen
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 545–551, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-545-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-545-2018, 2018 | 2,957 views
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24 Aug 2018
Applications of satellite winds for the offshore wind farm site Anholt
Tobias Ahsbahs, Merete Badger, Patrick Volker, Kurt S. Hansen, and Charlotte B. Hasager
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 573–588, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-573-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-573-2018, 2018 | 2,946 views
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13 Apr 2018
On wake modeling, wind-farm gradients, and AEP predictions at the Anholt wind farm
Alfredo Peña, Kurt Schaldemose Hansen, Søren Ott, and Maarten Paul van der Laan
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 191–202, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-191-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-191-2018, 2018 | 2,941 views
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24 Jan 2019
Automatic measurement and characterization of the dynamic properties of tethered membrane wings
Jan Hummel, Dietmar Göhlich, and Roland Schmehl
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 41–55, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-41-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-4-41-2019, 2019 | 2,906 views
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03 Apr 2018
Benefits of subcomponent over full-scale blade testing elaborated on a trailing-edge bond line design validation
Malo Rosemeier, Gregor Basters, and Alexandros Antoniou
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 163–172, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-163-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-163-2018, 2018 | 2,904 views
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18 Dec 2018
Experimental validation of a ducted wind turbine design strategy
Benjamin Kanya and Kenneth D. Visser
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 919–928, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-919-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-919-2018, 2018 | 2,894 views
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01 Nov 2016
Wind turbine power production and annual energy production depend on atmospheric stability and turbulence
Clara M. St. Martin, Julie K. Lundquist, Andrew Clifton, Gregory S. Poulos, and Scott J. Schreck
Wind Energ. Sci., 1, 221–236, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-221-2016,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-1-221-2016, 2016 | 2,890 views
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21 Dec 2018
Comparison of planetary bearing load-sharing characteristics in wind turbine gearboxes
Jonathan Keller, Yi Guo, Zhiwei Zhang, and Doug Lucas
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 947–960, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-947-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-947-2018, 2018 | 2,881 views
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14 May 2018
A simulation study demonstrating the importance of large-scale trailing vortices in wake steering
Paul Fleming, Jennifer Annoni, Matthew Churchfield, Luis A. Martinez-Tossas, Kenny Gruchalla, Michael Lawson, and Patrick Moriarty
Wind Energ. Sci., 3, 243–255, https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-243-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-3-243-2018, 2018 | 2,868 views
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