Articles | Volume 4, issue 4
Research article
16 Dec 2019
Research article |  | 16 Dec 2019

Massive simplification of the wind farm layout optimization problem

Andrew P. J. Stanley and Andrew Ning

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Cited articles

Barthelmie, R. J., Frandsen, S. T., Nielsen, M., Pryor, S., Rethore, P.-E., and Jørgensen, H. E.: Modelling and measurements of power losses and turbulence intensity in wind turbine wakes at Middelgrunden offshore wind farm, Wind Energy, 10, 517–528, 2007. a
Barthelmie, R. J., Hansen, K., Frandsen, S. T., Rathmann, O., Schepers, J., Schlez, W., Phillips, J., Rados, K., Zervos, A., Politis, E. S., and Chaviaropoulos, P. K.: Modelling and measuring flow and wind turbine wakes in large wind farms offshore, Wind Energy, 12, 431–444, 2009. a
Bastankhah, M. and Porté-Agel, F.: Experimental and theoretical study of wind turbine wakes in yawed conditions, J. Fluid Mech., 806, 506–541, 2016. a, b
Bortolotti, P., Tarres, H. C., Dykes, K. L., Merz, K., Sethuraman, L., Verelst, D., and Zahle, F.: IEA Wind TCP Task 37: Systems Engineering in Wind Energy – WP2.1 Reference Wind Turbines, Technical report,, 2019. a
Briggs, K.: Navigating the complexities of wake losses, North American Windpower, 10, available at: (last access: 9 December 2019), 2013. a
Short summary
When designing a wind farm, one crucial step is finding the correct location or optimizing the location of the wind turbines to maximize power production. In the past, optimizing the turbine layout of large wind farms has been difficult because of the large number of interacting variables. In this paper, we present the boundary-grid parameterization method, which defines the layout of any wind farm with only five variables, allowing people to study and design wind farms regardless of the size.
Final-revised paper