Articles | Volume 6, issue 4
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 1043–1059, 2021
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 1043–1059, 2021
Research article
10 Aug 2021
Research article | 10 Aug 2021

Extreme wind shear events in US offshore wind energy areas and the role of induced stratification

Mithu Debnath et al.

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Revised manuscript under review for WES
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Cited articles

Archer, C. L., Colle, B. A., Delle Monache, L., Dvorak, M. J., Lundquist, J., Bailey, B. H., Beaucage, P., Churchfield, M. J., Fitch, A. C., Kosovic, B., Lee, S., Moriarty, P. J., Simao, H., Stevens, R. J. A. M., Veron, D., and Zack, J.: Meteorology for Coastal/Offshore Wind Energy in the United States: Recommendations and Research Needs for the Next 10 Years, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 95, 515–519,, 2014. a
Baas, P., Bosveld, F. C., Klein Baltink, H., and Holtslag, A. a. M.: A Climatology of Nocturnal Low-Level Jets at Cabauw, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 48, 1627–1642,, 2009. a
Beardsley, R. C., Dorman, C. E., Friehe, C. A., Rosenfeld, L. K., and Winant, C. D.: Local atmospheric forcing during the Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment: 1. A description of the marine boundary layer and atmospheric conditions over a northern California upwelling region, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 92, 1467–1488,, 1987. a
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Short summary
As the offshore wind industry emerges on the US East Coast, a comprehensive understanding of the wind resource – particularly extreme events – is vital to the industry's success. We leverage a year of data of two floating lidars to quantify and characterize the frequent occurrence of high-wind-shear and low-level-jet events, both of which will have a considerable impact on turbine operation. We find that almost 100 independent long events occur throughout the year.