Articles | Volume 7, issue 1
Research article
17 Feb 2022
Research article |  | 17 Feb 2022

Meso- to microscale modeling of atmospheric stability effects on wind turbine wake behavior in complex terrain

Adam S. Wise, James M. T. Neher, Robert S. Arthur, Jeffrey D. Mirocha, Julie K. Lundquist, and Fotini K. Chow

Related authors

Lessons learned in coupling atmospheric models across scales for onshore and offshore wind energy
Sue Ellen Haupt, Branko Kosović, Larry K. Berg, Colleen M. Kaul, Matthew Churchfield, Jeffrey Mirocha, Dries Allaerts, Thomas Brummet, Shannon Davis, Amy DeCastro, Susan Dettling, Caroline Draxl, David John Gagne, Patrick Hawbecker, Pankaj Jha, Timothy Juliano, William Lassman, Eliot Quon, Raj K. Rai, Michael Robinson, William Shaw, and Regis Thedin
Wind Energ. Sci., 8, 1251–1275,,, 2023
Short summary
Investigating the physical mechanisms that modify wind plant blockage in stable boundary layers
Miguel Sanchez Gomez, Julie K. Lundquist, Jeffrey D. Mirocha, and Robert S. Arthur
Wind Energ. Sci., 8, 1049–1069,,, 2023
Short summary
Annual Variability of Wake Impacts on Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind Plant Deployments
David Rosencrans, Julie K. Lundquist, Mike Optis, Alex Rybchuk, Nicola Bodini, and Michael Rossol
Wind Energ. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for WES
Short summary
Grand Challenges: wind energy research needs for a global energy transition
Paul Veers, Katherine Dykes, Sukanta Basu, Alessandro Bianchini, Andrew Clifton, Peter Green, Hannele Holttinen, Lena Kitzing, Branko Kosovic, Julie K. Lundquist, Johan Meyers, Mark O'Malley, William J. Shaw, and Bethany Straw
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 2491–2496,,, 2022
Short summary
Scientific challenges to characterizing the wind resource in the marine atmospheric boundary layer
William J. Shaw, Larry K. Berg, Mithu Debnath, Georgios Deskos, Caroline Draxl, Virendra P. Ghate, Charlotte B. Hasager, Rao Kotamarthi, Jeffrey D. Mirocha, Paytsar Muradyan, William J. Pringle, David D. Turner, and James M. Wilczak
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 2307–2334,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Wind and turbulence
Evaluation of obstacle modelling approaches for resource assessment and small wind turbine siting: case study in the northern Netherlands
Caleb Phillips, Lindsay M. Sheridan, Patrick Conry, Dimitrios K. Fytanidis, Dmitry Duplyakin, Sagi Zisman, Nicolas Duboc, Matt Nelson, Rao Kotamarthi, Rod Linn, Marc Broersma, Timo Spijkerboer, and Heidi Tinnesand
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1153–1169,,, 2022
Short summary
Comparing and validating intra-farm and farm-to-farm wakes across different mesoscale and high-resolution wake models
Jana Fischereit, Kurt Schaldemose Hansen, Xiaoli Guo Larsén, Maarten Paul van der Laan, Pierre-Elouan Réthoré, and Juan Pablo Murcia Leon
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1069–1091,,, 2022
Short summary
Large-eddy simulation of airborne wind energy farms
Thomas Haas, Jochem De Schutter, Moritz Diehl, and Johan Meyers
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 1093–1135,,, 2022
Short summary
Investigation into boundary layer transition using wall-resolved large-eddy simulations and modeled inflow turbulence
Brandon Arthur Lobo, Alois Peter Schaffarczyk, and Michael Breuer
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 967–990,,, 2022
Short summary
Evaluation of the global-blockage effect on power performance through simulations and measurements
Alessandro Sebastiani, Alfredo Peña, Niels Troldborg, and Alexander Meyer Forsting
Wind Energ. Sci., 7, 875–886,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Abkar, M., Sharifi, A., and Porté-Agel, F.: Wake flow in a wind farm during a diurnal cycle, J. Turbul., 17, 420–441,, 2016. a
Aitken, M. L., Kosović, B., Mirocha, J. D., and Lundquist, J. K.: Large eddy simulation of wind turbine wake dynamics in the stable boundary layer using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, J. Renew. Sustain. Ener., 6, 033137,, 2014. a
Arthur, R. S., Mirocha, J. D., Marjanovic, N., Hirth, B. D., Schroeder, J. L., Wharton, S., and Chow, F. K.: Multi-Scale Simulation of Wind Farm Performance during a Frontal Passage, Atmosphere, 11, 245,, 2020. a, b, c, d
Baines, P. G.: Topographic effects in stratified flows, in: Chapter 6: Stratified flow past three-dimensional topography, Cambridge University Press, 344–443, ISBN 13 978-1108481526, ISBN 10 1108481523, 1998. a, b
Balsley, B. B.: The CIRES Tethered Lifting System: a survey of the system, past results and future capabilities, Acta Geophys., 56, 21–57,, 2008. a
Short summary
Wind turbine wake behavior in hilly terrain depends on various atmospheric conditions. We modeled a wind turbine located on top of a ridge in Portugal during typical nighttime and daytime atmospheric conditions and validated these model results with observational data. During nighttime conditions, the wake deflected downwards following the terrain. During daytime conditions, the wake deflected upwards. These results can provide insight into wind turbine siting and operation in hilly regions.