Articles | Volume 5, issue 4
Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 1507–1519, 2020

Special issue: Wind Energy Science Conference 2019

Wind Energ. Sci., 5, 1507–1519, 2020

Research article 06 Nov 2020

Research article | 06 Nov 2020

Evaluation of the lattice Boltzmann method for wind modelling in complex terrain

Alain Schubiger et al.

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Cited articles

Ansumali, S. and Karlin, I. V.: Stabilization of the lattice Boltzmann method by the H theorem: A numerical test, Phys. Rev. E, 62, 7999,, 2000. a
ANSYS: Fluent Theory Guide, available at: (last access: 14 May 2020), 2019. a
Asmuth, H., Olivares-Espinosa, H., Nilsson, K., and Ivanell, S.: The Actuator Line Model in Lattice Boltzmann Frameworks: Numerical Sensitivity and Computational Performance, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1256, 012022,, 2019. a, b, c
Barber, S.: Comparison metrics microscale simulation challenge for wind resource assessment – stage 1, zenodo,, 2020. a
Bechmann, A.: WAsP CFD A new beginning in wind resource assessment, Tech. rep., Riso National Laboratory, Denmark, 2012. a
Short summary
A large-eddy simulation using the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) Palabos framework was implemented to calculate the wind field over the complex terrain of Bolund Hill. The results were compared to Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes and detached-eddy simulation (DES) using Ansys Fluent and field measurements. A comparison of the three methods' computational costs has shown that the LBM, even though not yet fully optimised, can perform 5 times faster than DES and lead to reasonably accurate results.