Articles | Volume 6, issue 3
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 715–736, 2021
Wind Energ. Sci., 6, 715–736, 2021

Research article 25 May 2021

Research article | 25 May 2021

A simplified model for transition prediction applicable to wind-turbine rotors

Thales Fava et al.

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Cited articles

Arnal, D. and Casalis, G.: Laminar-turbulent transition prediction in three-dimensional flows, Prog. Aerosp. Sci., 36, 173–191,, 2000. a
Bak, C., Bitsche, R. D., Yde, A., and Kim, T.: Light Rotor: The 10-MW reference wind turbine, in: Proceedings of EWEA 2012 – European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition, 16–19 April 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2012. a
Bertolotti, F. P., Herbert, T., and Spalart, P. R.: Linear and nonlinear stability of the Blasius boundary layer, J. Fluid Mech., 242, 441–474, 1992. a
Bippes, H.: Basic experiments on transition in three-dimensional boundary layers dominated by crossflow instability, Prog. Aerosp. Sci., 35, 363–412,, 1999. a
Borodulin, V. I., Ivanov, A. V., Kachanov, Y. S., Mischenko, D. A., Örlü, R., Hanifi, A., and Hein, S.: Experimental and theoretical study of swept-wing boundary-layer instabilities. Three-dimensional Tollmien–Schlichting instability, Phys. Fluids, 31, 1–18,, 2019. a
Short summary
This work develops a simplified framework to predict transition to turbulence on wind-turbine blades. The model is based on the boundary-layer and parabolized stability equations, including rotation and three-dimensionality effects. We show that these effects may promote transition through highly oblique Tollmien–Schlichting (TS) or crossflow modes at low radii, and they should be considered for a correct transition prediction. At high radii, transition tends to occur through 2D TS modes.