Articles | Volume 4, issue 4
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 645–651, 2019
Wind Energ. Sci., 4, 645–651, 2019
Brief communication
02 Dec 2019
Brief communication | 02 Dec 2019

Brief communication: Wind-speed-independent actuator disk control for faster annual energy production calculations of wind farms using computational fluid dynamics

Maarten Paul van der Laan et al.

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Cited articles

Andersen, S.: Simulation and Prediction of Wakes and Wake Interaction in Wind Farms, PhD thesis, Wind Energy Department, Technical University of Denmark, 2014. a
Barthelmie, R. J., Frandsen, S. T., Nielsen, M. N., Pryor, S. C., Rethore, P. E., and Jørgensen, H. E.: Modelling and measurements of power losses and turbulence intensity in wind turbine wakes at middelgrunden offshore wind farm, Wind Energy, 10, 517–528,, 2007. a
Göçmen, T., van der Laan, M. P., Réthoré, P. E., Peña Diaz, A., Larsen, G. C., and Ott, S.: Wind turbine wake models developed at the technical university of Denmark: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60, 752–769, 2016. a
Jonkman, J., Butterfield, S., Musial, W., and Scott, G.: Definition of a 5-MW Reference Wind Turbine for Offshore System Development, Tech. rep., National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009. a
Michelsen, J. A.: Basis3D – a platform for development of multiblock PDE solvers., Tech. Rep. AFM 92-05, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 1992. a
Short summary
Wind farm layouts are designed by simple engineering wake models, which are fast to compute but also include a high uncertainty. Higher-fidelity models, such as Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes, can be used to verify optimized wind farm layouts, although the computational costs are high due to the large number of cases that are needed to calculate the annual energy production. This article presents a new wind turbine control method to speed up the high-fidelity simulations by a factor of 2–3.